The spine is made up of a network of structures, vertebrae, discs, ligaments, muscles and nerves. The lumbar spine withstands a great amount of strain during movement. A lumbar spine injury may take the form of a muscle strain; a disc injury or a lumbar sprain may occur in which the ligaments are torn and the joint is injured. A lumbar spine injury leads to low back pain and loss of function.

Common Symptoms of a Lumbar Sprain or Strain

  • Pain in the lower back and upper buttocks or legs.
  • Low back muscle spasm. 
  • Pain with activities and generally goes away with rest.

Factors that Contribute to Lumbar Spine Injuries

  • Sudden forceful movement. 
  • Lifting a heavy object improperly. 
  • Twisting the back. 
  • A ruptured disc.
  • Lack of conditioning. This can cause the back to ‘give out’ during physical exercise or work activities. 
  • Obesity. Excess weight leads to poor posture which puts strain on the muscles, causing injury.